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 Fire Safety
Troop 721 Milford, CT - Fire Safety 
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Fire Building A simple fire during camp gives us warmth and comfort, and at often times helps to reinforce our spirits. It draws us towards its warmth and light giving us security. Some time ago, a small flame could have been the difference between life and death. Today, more often than not, a fire is build not because of necessity, but by our own choice to have one for our enjoyment. As Scouts, we should be responsible enough whenever making a campfire for little camp program or for cooking.
Elements of a Fire The Fire Tetrahedron shows the four elements required for combustion to occur. To have combustion you must have oxygen, heat, fuel, and a chemical reaction of the other three elements. The environment requires 16% of oxygen to be present to serve into the reaction. Air is normally composed of 21% oxygen and some materials contain enough oxygen in them to support burning. A heat source can be a lot of things. A material does not need to be in direct contact of flame to combust. An open flame close enough can provide enough heat to be a heat source to start a fire. One such example is our very own sun. The sun can ignite a fire in the forest if the dried leaves are dry enough to start a chemical reaction of combustion with the heat of the sun. Hot surfaces such as a kettle can also start combustion given the right combination of elements.
The fuel can be a lot of things as well. They can be in gaseous, solid, or liquid form. Gases can include propane, butane, and hydrogen. You have gasoline as liquid (and its gaseous form), kerosene, alcohol, and other flammable liquids. For solids you have coal, wood, leaves, leather, and more.